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March 17, 2016

Best Programming Languages Used for Mobile App Development

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Planning to build a mobile application for your business? That’s a great idea because mobile devices and apps are increasingly becoming popular and are greatly influencing the way people interact with each other, shop, bank, read news and magazines, book hotel or travel tickets and much more. Now that you have decided to create an app, it’s time to choose the programming language to build it on.

While selecting an appropriate programming language, consider your business strategy, app goal and targeted audience. Each mobile platform requires different code; mobile app developers either have to write new code or reuse code for several versions of an application for different platforms by using a single language. Hence, it’s critical to understand various mobile programming languages and make the right decision


Using a mobile device for Internet access is easier than ever. Users are looking for a website that will respond consistently and reliably to their devices and offer on-the-go access. HTML5 is a great programming language to create a Web-based app for mobile devices. It makes various data types simpler, it’s an answer for diverse screen sizes and reduces input parameters. You don’t have to build different apps for different mobile operating systems, devices or browsers. HTML5 is adaptable to work across every channel, meeting all of your users’ needs, regardless of the technology they use. HTML is SEO-friendly and requires less maintenance than native apps because you are supporting one code base. It’s a cost- effective solution to multi-platform development.

There are some limitations of HTML5 that makes it less stable than a native platform. Apps don’t discover HTML5. Another important aspect, the UX can’t compete with native — it is slow, inconsistent and offers basic UIs and poor gaming capabilities. HTML5 is a great solution that provides multi-channel support in a fast, affordable way. But there are some downsides, including performance and user experience (UX).


Java is a concurrent, object-oriented and class-based computer programming language developed by Sun Microsystems, presently acquired by Oracle Corporation. Java language presents a system for application software to develop and allows for set up in a cross-platform environment. Java is used in extensive categories of computing platforms from devices and mobile phones to enterprise servers and computers. Java Micro Edition (ME) is prevalent in mobile devices, where it partakes with Symbian, BREW and the.NET Compact Framework. The Android operating system also uses the Java language. If you are planning to develop a common code base to run on myriad platforms, Java is a great selection.

Objective C

C-language is a superset of Objective C. It does many of the same things that C++ does for C language. It has a number of functions that specifically work together with graphics, I/O, and display functions. Objective-C was the primary programming language for iOS apps. It was the preferred language by Apple to create powerful and scalable iOS apps. Furthermore, Objective-C is fully integrated into all frameworks of iOS. Despite the fact, the language is part of the Apple development framework; it’s been replaced by another robust language, Swift.


The C++ is originally developed from the imperative language C. C++ is a multi-paradigm programming language that wires object-oriented programming (OOP) to a larger or smaller degree, usually an infusion with imperative, procedural programming. The language is remarkably popular and, hence, has lots of support and a large base of free code for download is available.

The language is transformed from human understandable code to low-level machine code, therefore, it frequently runs faster than other languages such as and C#, Java and Python. It does not need a run-time environment or an interpreter. However, it doesn’t provide complete algebraic data kinds. Secondly, it’s not that safe because it requires automatic boundary checks, invalid pointer checks and more. Witch C++ comes many security concerns —and developers need to make an extra effort to thwart them.


Swift is the latest iOS app programming language. It was announced by Apple in June 2014. Swift has replaced Objective-C as the chief iOS coding language. The language is competent of working with Objective-C while using Cocoa and Cocoa Touch frameworks in iOS. Apple claims, Swift has increased the performance over Objective-C. Its syntax is more concise and developer-friendly than the difficult Objective-C. Swift uses LLVM compiler like Objective-C language, but since developers take fewer lines of code to make a particular app, one can expect great performance. Since, Swift is a new programming language, the pool of Swift developers is inadequate.

All the programming languages, which I’ve mentioned above, have pros and cons. Therefore, while choosing a programming language, the decision rests on many other important factors including the mobile platform, app type and more. If you want your app to be a Web-based or native app, you need to select the language accordingly. Same as, if you want to develop your app for iOS or Android, you need to a select language accordingly.

Choose the best mobile app developer to transform your app ideas into reality and make your app a great success.


Ravi Sharma is the sales and business head at Girnar Software (SEZ) Private Limited, a leading Mobile App Development Company that offers you a platform to hire dedicated iPhone app developers for your app development requirements.